Mudaaf - Mudaaif ilaihi

Mudaaf (Possessed) and Mudaaf ilaihi (Possessor)

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Examples of Muzaaf Muzaaf iliahi (Seq # 23)

Find below few more examples of Muzaaf Muzaaf ilaihi for better understanding.

People of the paradise أَصْحابُ الجَنَّةِ
People of the fire أَصْحابُ النَّارِ
People of the elephant أَصْحابُ الفِيلِ
Help of Allah نَصْرُ اللهِ
Slave of Allah عَبْدُ اللهِ
Mercy of Allah رَحْمَةُ اللهِ
House of Allah بَيْتُ اللهِ

Exercises

  • State TRUE or FALSE: The word نَــبَــاتٌ means plants. This word is present as مُضَاف in the verse Quran (15:18:45).
  • State TRUE or FALSE: The phrase “نَبَاتُ الْأَرْضِ” (plants of the earth) is Muzaaf Muzaaf iliahi in the verse Quran (15:18:45).
  • State TRUE or FALSE: The word وَعْدٌ means promise. The phrase “Promise of Allah” is translated as وَعْدُ اللهِ.

Muzaaf Muzaaf ilaihi with pronouns (Seq # 24)

Let us consider the phrase in the English language “His book”. For understanding purpose, it can be rewritten as “book of him”. Thus it uses the concept of “of”. Hence it is also a  مُضَاف مُضَاف إِلَيهِ  in the Arabic language. So, when the pronoun joins a noun then we get مُضَاف مُضَاف إِلَيهِ . See example below.

Meaning Muzaaf Muzaaf ilaihi   Detached Pronoun   Noun
his book (book of him) كِتَابُهُ = هُوَ + كِتَابُ
Their book (Book of them) كِتَابُهُمْ = هُمْ + كِتَابُ
Your book (book of you) كِتَابُكَ = أَنْتَ + كِتَابُ
Your all book (Book of you all) كِتَابُكُم = أَنْتُمْ + كِتَابُ
My book (Book of mine) كِتَابِي = أنَا + كِتَابُ
Our book (Book of us) كِتَابُنا = نَحْنُ + كِتَابُ

In the above table كِتَابُ  is مُضَاف  and is in مَرْفُوع case while the endings هُ, هُم, كَ, كُمْ, يِ, نَا  are the attached pronouns. These attached pronouns areمَجْرُور and مُضَاف إِلَيهِ.

Exercises

  • State TRUE or FALSE: The word اَذَانٌ (ears) is مَرفُوعٌ. The phrase أَذَانُهُم means “their ears”.
  • State TRUE or FALSE: The word قُلُوبٌ (hearts) is مَرفُوعٌ. The phrase قُلُوْبُهُم means “their hearts”.
  • State TRUE or FALSE: The phrase كَهْفُهُم means “their cave”. This is not a muzaaf Muzaaf ilaihi.
  • State TRUE or FALSE: The phrase رَبُّنَا (our lord) is a Muzaaf Muzaaf ilaihi.
  • State TRUE or FALSE: The phrase سَفِيْنَتىِ (my ship) is a Muzaaf Muzaaf ilaihi.

Understanding Ya-Mutakallim (Seq # 25)

The letter ي is Ya Mutakallim (Ya of First person). It is the attached personal pronoun for the detached personal pronoun أَنَــا. Consider the below table.

بَــيْــتِــي = أَنَــا + بَــيْــتُ

 

In the phrase بَــيْــتِــي there are two words. Its translation is “my house”. The house (بَيت) in this phrase is مَــرْفُــوْعٌ. But because of the power Ya Mutakallim, the dammah of بَــيْــتُ  becomes kathrah. Thus بَــيْــتُ in بَــيْــتِــي is مَــرْفُــوْعٌ. This same thing applies to all the Muzaaf Muzaaf iliahi’s with Ya Mutakallim. Such a thing our eyes cannot see but our mind can see if we understand.

Exercises

  • State TRUE or FALSE: The word رَبُّ in the phrase رَبِّى is مَرفُوعٌ.
  • State TRUE or FALSE: The word جِدَارُ in the phrase جِدَارِي (my wall) is مَرفُوعٌ.
  • State TRUE or FALSE: The word حُوتُ (fish) in the phrase حُوْتِــي (my fish) is not مَرفُوعٌ.

Explaining Preposition + pronoun = jaar majroor, Noun + pronoun = Muzaaf Muzaaf ilaihi (Seq # 26)

This is a revision topic. In earlier sessions we have learned Jaar Majroor and Muzaaf Muzaaf ilaihi. Let us derive a simple formula now as below.

Preposition + Pronoun = Jaar Majroor

Example:

مِنْهُ = هُوَ + مِنْ

Translation: From Him

Noun + Pronoun = Muzaaf Muzaaf iliahi

Example:

رَبُّكَ = أَنْتَ + رَبُّ

Translation: Your lord

Preposition before Muzaaf Muzaaf ilaihi (Seq # 27)

This topic is very important to understand. We know that, the preposition will make the noun after it into مَجْرُور  case. So if preposition comes before مُضَاف مُضَاف إِلَيه then it will make مُضَاف  into مَجْرُور case. Example is below.

In the path of Allah فِي سَبِيْلِ اللهِ = سَبِيْلُ اللهِ + فِي
In night of the decree فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ = لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ + فِي
In your book فِي كِتَابِكَ = كِتَابُكَ + فِي

Exercises

  • State TRUE or FALSE: The phrase مِنْ أَيَاتِنَا (from our signs/verses) in the verse Quran (15:18:9) has both جَار مَجْرُور and مُضَاف مُضَاف إِلَيه.
  • State TRUE or FALSE: The phrase مِنْ كِتَابِنَا (from our book) has both جَار مَجْرُور and مُضَاف مُضَاف إِلَيه.
  • State TRUE or FALSE: The phrase فِي قَلْبِكَ (in your heart) has both جَار مَجْرُور  and مُضَاف مُضَاف إِلَيه.

Answers to Exercises

Examples of Muzaaf Muzaaf iliahi (Seq # 23) T, T, T
Muzaaf Muzaaf ilaihi with pronouns (Seq # 24) T, T, F, T, T
Understanding Ya-Mutakallim (Seq # 25) T, T, F
Preposition before Muzaaf Muzaaf ilaihi (Seq # 27) T, T, T
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