Adjectives (Seq # 47)
Adjective is a noun that qualify another noun. As an example, in the phrase “tall man”, the noun “tall” is an adjective that is qualifying another noun “man”. In the English language the adjectives comes before the noun being qualified. But in the Arabic language the adjectives comes after the noun being qualified. The adjective in Arabic is termed as نَعْتٌ or صِــفَــةٌ (property/quality). The noun being qualified is termed as مَنْعُوتٌ. The combination is called as نَعتٌ مَنْعُوتٌ.
نَعْتٌ should match مَنْعُوتٌ in the following.
If the مَنْعُوت is marfoun then نَعْتٌ should also be marfoun.
If the مَنْعُوت is مَــنْــصُــوْبٌ then نَعْتٌ should also be مَــنْــصُــوْبٌ.
If the مَنْعُوت is majroor then نَعْتٌ should also be majroor.
Example of marfoun case: عَذَابٌ عَظِيْمٌ(Severe torment)
If the مَنْعُوت is definite then نَعْتٌ should also be definite.
Example: الصِّراطَ المُسْتَقِيمَ (the straight path)
If the مَنْعُوت is feminine then نَعْتٌ should also be feminine.
Example: أُخْتٌ صَغِيْرَةٌ (small sister)
If the مَنْعُوت is dual then نَعْتٌ should also be dual. If the مَنْعُوت is plural then نَعْتٌ should also be plural.
Example: غُلامَيْنِ يَتِيْمَيْنِ (two orphan boys)
- State TRUE or FALSE: Read the verse Quran (15:18:2). The phrases بَاْسًا شَدِيْدًا (a severe punishment) and أَجْرًا حَسَنًا (a good reward) are نَعتٌ مَنْعُوتٌ.
- State TRUE or FALSE: Read the verse Quran (15:18:8). The phrase صَعِيْدًا جُرُزًا (a barren soil) is نَعتٌ مَنْعُوتٌ.
- State TRUE or FALSE: Read the verse Quran (15:18:74). The phrase شَيْــأً نُّكْرًا (an evil thing) is not a نَعتٌ مَنْعُوتٌ.
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