Book 2 Concepts · Inna

Inna إنَّ – Particle of Emphasis and Accusative Case (حَرْفُ تَوْكيدٍ وَ نَصْبٍ)

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inna-2-book2-key

Source for above: Dr. V.AbdurRahim’s Madina Book 2 – English Key –  Lesson 01

Video Courtesy : LQToronto – Book 2 – DVD 01/A1 – 4:10 to 42:16

Particle of Emphasis and Accusative Case Inna 1 Particle of Emphasis and Accusative Case Inna 2 Particle of Emphasis and Accusative Case Inna 3

إِنَّ  , the particle of emphasis and Nasbin (Seq # 64)

Consider the following sentence.

اَلْمَاءُ بَارِدٌ

Its meaning is “The water is cold”. The grammatical analysis of the above statement is as below.

الْمَاءُ   = المُبْتداء

بَارِدٌ    = الخَبَرُ

Let us now emphasize it by إنَّ (حَرْفُ تَوْكيدٍ وَ نَصْبٍ). It is as explained below.

بَارِدٌ الْمَاءَ إنَّ
خَبَرُ إِنَّ اسْمُ إنَّ (مَنْصوب) حَرْفُ تَوْكيدٍ وَ نَصْبٍ

Now its meaning is “Indeed, the water is cold”.

The particle of emphasis and Nasbin (إِنَّ) brings the following changes in the sentence.

  1. The terminology of Mubtada will change to “Noun of Inna” which is اسْمُ إِنَّ
  2. The terminology of Khabar will change to “Predicate of Inna” which is خَبَرُ إِنَّ
  3. It will make the “Noun of Inna” (اسْمُ إِنَّ) as مَــنْــصُــوْبٌ.

Wherever we encounter إِنَّ  , it is our duty to determine اسْمُ إِنَّ and it should be مَــنْــصُــوْبٌ.

Exercises

  • State TRUE or FALSE: The particle of emphasis and Nasbin إِنَّ is present in the verse Quran (18:94) and اسْمُ إِنَّ is يأجُوجَ (مَــنْــصُــوْبٌ).
  • State TRUE or FALSE: The particle of emphasis and Nasbin إِنَّ is not present in the verse Quran (18:30) and اسْمُ إِنَّ is الَّذِينَ (مَــنْــصُــوْبٌ).
  • State TRUE or FALSE: The particle of emphasis and Nasbin إِنَّ is present in the verse Quran (18:107) and اسْمُ إِنَّ is الَّذِينَ (مَــنْــصُــوْبٌ).

إنَّ   when joins with 14 pronouns (Seq # 65)

Consider the below statement and let us emphasize the below statement with إنَّ .

هُوَ مُحَمَّدٌ

In this case إنَّ  will join هُوَ as below.

إنَّهُ مُحَمَّدٌ

إنَّهُ = هُوَ + إنَّ

It’s translation is now “Indeed, he is mohammed”. Here the attached pronoun هُ in إنَّهُ is اسْمُ إِنَّ and it is مَــنْــصُــوْبٌ. Below table provides us the complete 14 combinations of إنَّ.

Thumb finger 4 finger 3 finger 2 finger 1
أَنَا (إِنَّــنِــيْ/إِنّيِ) أَنْتِ (إِنَّكِ) أَنْتَ (إِنَّكَ) هِيَ (إِنَّهَا) هُوَ (إِنَّهُ)
نَحْنُ (إِنَّــنَا/إِنَّا) أَنْتُمَا (إِنَّكُمَا) أَنْتُمَا (إِنَّكُمَا) هُمَا (إِنَّهُمَا) هُمَا (إِنَّهُمَا)
أَنْتُنَّ (إِنَّكُنَّ) أَنْتُمْ (إِنَّكُمْ) هُنَّ (إِنَّهُنَّ) هُمْ (إِنَّهُمْ)

Exercises

  • State TRUE or FALSE: Read the verses Quran (18:7) and Quran (18:8). The word إِنَّا (Indeed, we) is present in these two verses and attached pronoun نَــا is اسْمُ إِنَّ and it is مَــنْــصُــوْبٌ.
  • State TRUE or FALSE: Read the verse Quran (18:20). The word إِنَّــهــُمْ (Indeed, they all) is present in this verse and attached pronoun هُـــمْ (they) is اسْمُ إِنَّ and it is مَــنْــصُــوْبٌ.
  • State TRUE or FALSE: Read the verse Quran (18:75). The word إِنَّــكَ (Indeed, you) is present in this verse and attached pronoun كَ (you) is اسْمُ إِنَّ and it is مَــنْــصُــوْبٌ.

Answers to Exercises

إِنَّ  , the particle of emphasis and Nasbin (Seq # 64) T, F, T
إنَّ   when joins with 14 pronouns (Seq # 65) T, T, T

Source for above : From the Notes “Trying to understand the Arabic Language…” By Mohammed Aijaz

Handouts - Inna - 1

Handouts - Inna - 2

Handouts - Inna - 3

Source for the above Images: LQToronto Handouts for Book 2

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